First, issues of global change versus global warming are discussed. The larger perspective is presented of earth as a warm, wet planet that experiences frequent cold periods via climate history graphics of earth's recent million years of climate variation from paleoclimate research. The hydrological cycle is described and its relevance to fisheries is made clear. Climate-related dynamics have had serious consequences on the evolution of species, society and fisheries variability. Both production variabilities and changes in vulnerability owing to constant dynamics of ocean motion affects are described. The records available for major fisheries are interpreted as currently understood from a century of in-depth research and analysis of various proxies, in particular, bioindicators. The history of climate as it relates to fisheries is addressed.