This three volume work offers a comprehensive review of the pivotal concepts, measures, theories, and practices that comprise criminology and criminal justice.No longer just a subtopic of sociology, criminology has become an independent academic field of study that incorporates scholarship from numerous disciplines including psychology, political science, behavioral science, law, economics, public health, family studies, social work, and many others. The three volume Encyclopedia of Criminology presents the latest research as well as the traditional topics which reflect the field's multidisciplinary nature in a single, authoritative reference work. More than 525 alphabetically arranged entries by the leading authorities in the discipline comprise this definitive, international resource. The pivotal concepts, measures, theories, and practices of the field are addressed with an emphasis on comparative criminology and criminal justice. While the primary focus of the work is on American criminology and contemporary criminal justice in the United States, extensive global coverage of other nations' justice systems is included, and the increasing international nature of crime is explored thoroughly.Providing the most up to date scholarship in addition to the traditional theories on criminology, the Encyclopedia of Criminology is the essential one stop reference for students and scholars alike to explore the broad expanse of this multidisciplinary field.