By 2020, about 63 percent of the population of West Africa will live in cities. WIth most African countries decentralizing, there is critical need to help local governments become financially sound, responsive and accountable to their constituents. The municipal contract facilitates selection, implementation, and financing of urban services and infrastructure. This book details lessons learnt and methodology on the nuts and bolts of municipal contracts. This book is a companion volume to The Future of African Cities and Street Addressing and the Management of Cities, both published in the Directions in Development series.