The global HIV/AIDS epidemic has already killed 20 million people and another 40 million people are currently infected. The magnitude of this epidemic requires a response that confronts the disease from every sector, but education plays a particularly important role. 'Education and HIV/AIDS' provides a strategic direction for the World Bank in responding to the impact of HIV/AIDS on education systems. The central message of this book is that the education of children and youth deserves the highest priority in a world afflicted by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Education has proven to be one of the most effective means of HIV prevention. This book finds that countries need to immediately strengthen their education systems in order to offer hope for escaping from the grip of HIV/AIDS.