Despite efforts by Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries to tackle environmental problems, there are still a number of serious environmental problems that require immediate and urgent action. The Environmental Action Programme (EAP) provides a framework and guide for identifying the highest priority problems and for developing realistic, efficient and cost-effective solutions. This book describes the features of the broad strategy and action framework that EAP represents. Annexes provide summaries of topics such as human health problems and pollution 'hot-spots'; the impact of economic reform and industrial restructuring; and priorities for environmental expenditure. Boxes discuss nitrates in drinking water in Romania, short-term threats to the environment in Russia, and debt-for-environment swaps in Poland.