Since the U.S. Constitution became the law of the land on March 4, 1789, 106 men and two women have served on the United States Supreme Court. Among the most powerful individuals of their time, some justices have wielded more influence than the presidents who appointed them. In their position as interpreters of the Constitution, they have exercised great influence on the political opinions of legislators and citizens alike. Supreme Court Justices is an ideal ready reference resource for high school and college students and general readers alike. An introductory essay discusses the creation of the Supreme Court and its place in American history. In addition to providing basic biographical Information, each entry: Details the decisions for which the justice is known; Analyzes the impact the justice had on the Court and American law overall; Includes suggestions for further reading. Also included are appendixes providing additional information on the succession of justices, appointments to the Supreme Court by each president, and important cases; a glossary; a bibliography; and a detailed chronology.