This collection of essays was published originally in 1860, just before the American Civil War. In it, philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson turns toward pragmatism and focuses on the practical application of ethics in everyday life. Students of philosophy and literature will enjoy these thoughtful writings from one of America's most celebrated authors. Topics include. . Culture . Fate . Beauty . Worship American poet and philosopher RALPH WALDO EMERSON (1803-1882), the "Sage of Concord," was a driving force behind the Transcendental Movement of the early 18th century and remains a major figure in American literature. His works include Representative Men (1850), Society and Solitude (1870), and Parnassus (1875).